Islamic Education Using iPads: part 2
If you were to walk into your classroom today and ask your students, “What month are we in right now?” Chances are they would say one of the twelve months from the Gregorian calendar. Most of the world uses this calendar, which is based on the sun, which makes it a solar calendar.
Muslims use the Islamic Calendar which is based on the moon, which makes it a lunar calendar. There are twelve Islamic months and like all Islamic months, it can be 29 or 30 days, depending upon when the crescent moon is sighted. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa`dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram, and the fourth is Rajab. Muharram is the first month in the Islamic Calendar and the 10th day of the month is especially significant.
The 10th Day of Muharram – Aashura
Like all religions, Islam has different sects. During the month of Muharram, Sunnis and Shias celebrate quite differently.
Sunnis celebrate this day by observing a fast in celebration of Moses and his people being saved from the Pharaoh.
According to a saying reported by Muslim,
“This is a great day when Allah saved Moosa (Moses) and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his people.”
According to another saying, also reported by Muslim this is a highly rewarded act and was mentioned by the Prophet (pbuh) as an act that would wash away the sins of the previous year:
Narrated by Abi Katada: The prophet was asked about fasting on ‘Ashuraa’ (the 10th of Muharram), he said: “it expiates the previous year (for sins).”
It was proven from the Prophet (pbuh) that the best fasting after Ramadan is fasting in the month of Muharram.
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Allah Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” Narrated by Muslim, 1163.
Shias have quite a different way of bringing in this New Year. They observe this 10th day of Muharram, Ashura as the day of martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad at the Battle of Karbala. Shia Muslims, therefore, consider this a day of sorrow and observe it as such by refraining from music, listening to sorrowful poetic recitations, wearing mourning attire, and refraining from all joyous events (e.g. weddings) that in anyway distract them from the sorrowful remembrance of that day.
Click the link to the right for a great song to begin your introduction of the Islamic New Year, regardless of the level you teach.
There are many different ways to integrate the use of technology into the teaching of the Islamic New Year. Here are a few:
* This lesson can be used alongside, “I Love Islam: Level 4 – Unit D.”
Have students list the different Islamic months in order (Handout 1). Listed below are two different options for completing the activity.
Option 1 – Using iAnnotate (Other annotation apps can be substituted)
SAMR Model Level - S
Students will use an annotation tool of their choice to mark the Islamic months in the order which they come
Option 2 – Using Explain Everything
SAMR Model Level - R
Students can import the document into Explain Everything and write and record the Islamic months in the order in which they come. This allows students to practice the order of the months and the correct pronunciation.
Option Three – Using Book Creator (Any digital book creator app can be substituted)
SAMR Level - R
This is a project that would span the entire year. Students will create a Book on the Months in the Islamic Calendar. In each section students will mark the significant events in the month. A true treasure that they will carry with them and share with others for many years to come. Moreover, this will serve as a constant reminder about the important days and observances that are kept.
For her second feature in this series, Sabba looks at ways to teach about Islamic New Year using various apps.
Sabba will return soon with the next part of this series.
In the meantime, click on the link below to view a recording of a recent webinar she hosted on integrating technology into Islamic Studies: